During pregnancy and lactation, mothers require significant amounts of calcium to pass on to the developing fetus and suckling neonate, respectively. Given the dependence of adult calcium concentrations and bone metabolism on vitamin D, one might anticipate that vitamin D sufficiency would be even more critical during pregnancy and lactation. However, maternal adaptations during pregnancy and lactation and fetal adaptations provide the necessary calcium relatively independently of vitamin D status.
Breast milk is recognized as the ideal source of nutrition for infants. What can I do to make sure that my breastfed baby gets the appropriate amount of vitamin D? These will determine how much vitamin D will be contained in her breast milk.
Everyone seems to agree that vitamin D is important throughout life. This is certainly as true in the first year of life as it is later on. For it is during the first year that, in addition to its role in calcium metabolism, this critical nutrient reduces both the risk of current infections and the late-life development of such autoimmune diseases as multiple sclerosis and type 1 diabetes.
From the moment a mother discovers that she is pregnant, she does her best to eat a healthy diet to ensure that she is giving her baby enough good nutrition. After the baby is born, mothers are encouraged to breastfeed because it is considered the best nutrition she can offer her child. Several studies have measured the amount of vitamin D in breastmilk and they have all shown consistently low levels of vitamin D, even when the mom is taking a supplement that meets the recommended daily dose.
Reuters Health - - Infants may get enough vitamin D from breast milk if their mothers take high-dose vitamin D supplements, a U. As an alternative to giving infants daily vitamin D drops, researchers gave mothers different doses of the supplement ranging from to 6, IU daily. When women took the highest dose, their breastfed babies received vitamin D levels in breast milk that were similar to the amount provided by the infant drops.
Vitamin D is needed to support healthy bone development and to prevent rickets, a condition that causes weak or deformed bones. Vitamin D deficiency rickets among breastfed infants is rare, but it can occur if an infant does not receive additional vitamin D from foods, a vitamin D supplement, or adequate exposure to sunlight. Breast milk alone does not provide infants with an adequate amount of vitamin D, even if mothers are taking vitamins containing vitamin D.
Scientific data pertaining to vitamin D supplementation during lactation are scarce. This recommendation is irrelevant with respect to maintaining the nutritional vitamin D status of mothers and nursing infants, especially among darkly pigmented individuals. Our objective was to examine the effect of high-dose maternal vitamin D 2 supplementation on the nutritional vitamin D status of mothers and nursing infants.
Vitamin D helps you to develop strong and healthy bones and it does the same for your developing baby. This means that they are more likely to break, and your baby is also more likely to develop a bone condition called rickets. Breastfeeding helps you to bond with your baby, but it also provides your baby with most food and nutrients that he or she needs to grow and develop, including most vitamins and minerals. The foods you eat are important, as the nutrients from these pass from you to your baby in your breast milk.
It is a known fact that human milk is the superior infant food. Human milk is the most complete nutritionally, immunologically, and is the only food designed specifically for your baby. Inthe American Academy of Pediatrics AAP amended its recommendation regarding vitamin D supplementation of infants and children.
Reuters Health - Many breastfed infants may not get enough vitamin D because their mothers prefer not to give babies supplement drops, a study suggests. The research team surveyed breastfeeding mothers, including 44 mothers who also gave their babies formula in addition to breast milk. Altogether, just 55 percent of the women said they gave their babies vitamin D drops and only 42 percent supplemented with the recommended IU.